Pomegranate is used in several systems of medicine for a variety of ailments. In Ayurvedic medicine the pomegranate is considered “a pharmacy unto itself” and is used as an antiparasitic agent, (3) a “blood tonic,” (4) and to heal aphthae, diarrhea, and ulcers. (5) Pomegranate also serves as a remedy for diabetes in the Unani system of medicine practiced in the Middle East and India? The current explosion of interest in pomegranate as a medicinal and nutritional product is evidenced by a MedLine search from 2000 to present, revealing over 130 new scientific papers pertaining to its health effects. Between 1950 and 1999 only 25 such publications appear on MedLine. (7) The potential therapeutic properties of pomegranate are wide-ranging and include treatment and prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, dental conditions, erectile dysfunction, and protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Other potential applications include infant brain ischemia, Alzheimer’s disease, male infertility, arthritis, and obesity.